galatians chapter 4 commentary

In verse 8-11 he refers to the previous pagan existence of the Galatians. It often doesn’t look like it, but legalism is living according to the flesh. The Paperback Bible presents the Bible by the Book and is designed to be portable, readable, and truly personal with ample margins for notations. 5 questions for chapter 4 (to answer before you study chapter 4) According to verse 4, it is possible to be “adopted as sons.” Do you know someone who was adopted by parents? One son of Abraham was born by a freewoman, and one was born by a bondwoman. Yet Paul will show that they were not handling the Old Testament Scriptures correctly, and he will show that a true understanding of the Law of Moses will support the true gospel he preaches. (21-31). i. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise: As Christians, we don’t identify with Ishmael. Tell me, you who desire to be under the law: Now Paul writes directly, both to those who promoted legalism and to those who succumbed to legalism. “Cast out the bondwoman and her son, for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.” So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman but of the free. 5 to redeem the subjects of the Law, so that we could receive adoption as sons.. 6 As you are sons, God has sent into our hearts the Spirit of his Son crying, 'Abba, Father';. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Galatians 4 Home | M. Henry Commentary | Play! Patristic Bible Commentary . Real Christianity comes from heaven and not earth. 1. What … Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. The legalists – represented by Ishmael – have always persecuted true Christianity, represented by Isaac. The first is a spirit of persecution; the second is a spirit of love. If a father dies and leaves an inheritance for his young children, those children are not much better off than slaves until they grow up, even though they actually own everything their father had. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Our EasyEnglish lexicon, grammar, and … For they persuade themselves that there is mercy for them with God, though they repent not, but go on in their sins. (1-7) The happy change made in the Gentile believers. i. This covenant corresponds to Jerusalem which now is, that is, earthly Jerusalem which was the capital of religious Judaism. i. Hagar and Sarah could not live together in the same house (Genesis 21:8-14). He assumes that they knew the story. Highlighted parts are key quotes that may have been used on the radio shows. “The emphatic position of the phrase suggests that Paul’s original plan had been to go elsewhere (perhaps westward toward Ephesus) and that his missionary visit to the Galatians … But Paul was already in the region of Galatia when that happened; his wording in Galatians 4 suggests that he came into the region because of a physical infirmity. The folly of returning to legal observances for justification. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: 4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent … (19,20) And then explains the difference between what is to be expected from the law, and from the gospel. (19,20) And then explains the difference between what is to be expected from the law, and from the gospel. In reproving others, we should take care to convince them that our reproofs are from sincere regard to the honour of God and religion and their welfare. Chapter. ii. Salem Media Group. For it is written that Abraham had two sons: the one by a bondwoman, the other by a freewoman. It is just the same with … This is the lesson of history… Today the greatest enemies of the believing church are found among the members of the unbelieving church, the greatest opposition emanating from pulpits and church hierarchies.” (Boice). It is not above a Christian – it is under a Christian. Galatians 4:2 "But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father." Nothing is so sure a proof that a sinner has passed into a state of justification, as Christ being formed in him by the renewal of the Holy Spirit; but this cannot be hoped for, while men depend on the law for acceptance with God. Galatians 4… ii. While the “Isaacs” of this world may be persecuted, they also have a glorious inheritance that the “Ishmaels” of this world will never know. He was born, miraculously, through Abraham’s wife Sarah (the freewoman). All our knowledge of God begins on his part; we know him because we are known of him. Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not hear the law? To begin, understand that in the Hebrew, Greek and Roman culture that dominated the world in which Galatians was written, the word adoption had a different meaning than as we think of it today. But he who was of the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and he of the freewoman through promise. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Under the grace of God, it is what God has done for us in Jesus Christ that makes us right before Him. Search This Resource : Navigator: Previous Next : Chapter 3 Chapter 5 Printer friendly version : Additional Resources • Adam Clark Commentary • Barnes' New Testament • Darby's … Under the law it is what you do for God that makes you right before Him. But I deny that its fertility consists in the various meanings which anyone may fasten to it at his pleasure. The first contrast Paul draws between real Christianity and legalism is the contrast between freedom and slavery. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. 7 and so you are no longer a slave, but a son; … The apostle reasons against following false teachers. And many ignorantly worship a god of their own making; a god made all of mercy and no justice. The third contrast Paul draws between Christianity and legalism is the contrast between heaven and earth. Galatians: Bible Study and Commentary “God has made his people free” A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (1200 word vocabulary) on Paul’s letter to the Galatians. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. PULPIT COMMENTARY. This covenant brings freedom – it is free. Paul will admit they are children of Abraham, but they forget that Abraham had two sons. The real Christian life is marked by freedom. Paul's Doubts about the Galatians… Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. i. ii. It is therefore (if used wrongly) a covenant according to the flesh (Galatians 4:23). We identify with Isaac, as children of a promise that was received by faith. We must not be content because we have some good things in ourselves. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. First, you always have the outward certainty of a list of rules to keep. For it is written: “Rejoice, O barren, But if arising from faith in Christ, they are evangelical. We must cast out the bondwoman and her son. For a better understanding and the 'spiritual truth' how and by whom … Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Break forth and shout, d. But the Jerusalem above: The other covenant is associated with Jerusalem, with Mount Zion – but not the Mount Zion of this earth. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Chapter 4. So also every Christian must send away the idea of relating to God on the principle of law, the principle of what we do for Him instead of what He has done for us in Jesus Christ. of They were by regeneration and true faith, made a part of the true seed of Abraham, according to the promise made to him. b. Let us rest our souls on the Scriptures, and by a gospel hope and cheerful obedience, show that our conversation and treasure are indeed in heaven. “What is God’s law now? The persecution Christians face “will not always be by the world but also and indeed more often by their half-brothers – the unbelieving but religious people in the nominal church. InPaul’s days, it was a very important event. For those who may have missed Mary’s feast day or any who are inclined to take this lesson as an opportunity for a meditation on Mary, feel free. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. “Legalism does not mean the setting of spiritual standards; it means worshipping these standards and thinking we are spiritual because we obey them. The fifth contrast Paul draws between Christianity and legalism is the contrast between persecuted and persecuting. Works and fruits brought forth in a man's own strength, are legal. Christians must not forbear speaking the truth, for fear of offending others. The folly of returning to legal observances for justification. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. And as that was a dispensation of darkness, so of bondage; they were tied to many burdensome rites and observances, by which they were taught and kept subject like a child under tutors and governors. MINISTRY OF SERMONAUDIO. “Scripture, they say, is fertile and thus bears multiple meanings. Matthew Henry's Commentary – Galatians . Galatians Chapter 4 – John Karmelich . Yet how very uncertain are the favour and respect of men! And every birth under this covenant is a miracle, like the fulfillment of the prophecy from Isaiah 54:1, Rejoice, O barren, you who do not bear! i. Paul took it for granted that his readers knew the Bible. Chapter 4. The abundance and glory of the New Covenant is shown by the fact that it would soon have many more followers than the Old Covenant. That was the inheritance of one heir – Isaac, the son of the freewoman. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. 4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. Home / Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary / Galatians / Chapter 4. If the privileges of all believers were so great, according to the new covenant, how absurd for the Gentile converts to be under that law, which could not deliver the unbelieving Jews from bondage or condemnation! The two covenants of works and grace, and legal and evangelical professors, are shadowed forth. Verses 12-18 The apostle desires that they would be of one mind with him respecting the law of Moses, as well as united with him in love. i. We are heirs of God through the principle of grace, not works. I acknowledge that Scripture is the most rich and inexhaustible fount of all wisdom. (8-11) The apostle reasons against following false teachers. i. “Barclay makes the point that anyone who makes law central is ‘in the position of a slave; all his life he is seeking to satisfy his master the law’. They could not fully understand the meaning of the law as given by Moses. The second contrast Paul draws between Christianity and legalism is the contrast between a work done by God’s promised miracle and a work done by the flesh. Yet as Abraham turned aside to Hagar, so it is possible a believer may turn aside in some things to the covenant of works, when through unbelief and neglect of the promise he acts according to the law, in his own strength; or in a way of violence, not of love, towards the brethren. Nevertheless what does the Scripture say? And the more mercy God has shown, in bringing any to know the gospel, and the liberties and privileges of it, the greater their sin and folly in suffering themselves to be deprived of them. (19,20) And then explains the difference between what is to be expected from the law, and from the gospel. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Galatians 4:4. He writes to those who desire to be under the law, living under law keeping as the basis for their relationship with God. Search this site ... Chapter 4 > ‎Chapter 5 ... Having previously shown that the Galatians were sons of Abraham, now, in that the Patriarch's sons were not of equal dignity, one being by a bondwoman, the other by a free-woman, … 4 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. Besides being the second reading for the first Sunday of Christmas, this passage is assigned for “The Feast of Mary, Mother of Our Lord” on August 15th. “The better legalist a man is, the more sure he is of being damned; the more holy a man is, if he trust to his works, the more he may rest assured of his own final rejection and eternal portion with Pharisees.” (Spurgeon). (1-7) The happy change made in the Gentile believers. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free. 4 but when the completion of the time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born a subject of the Law,. The*Roman rulers had good roads to all places. It also means judging other believers on the basis of these standards.” (Wiersbe), iii. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 4:8-11 The happy change whereby the Galatians were turned from idols to the living God, and through Christ had received the adoption of sons, was the effect of his free and rich grace; they were laid under the greater obligation to keep to the liberty wherewith he had made them free. Under the grace of God we receive the covering won through sacrifice that God provides. Every one is born because of a miracle by God. i. Paul was clearly guided by the Holy Spirit here. b. Isaac was Abraham’s son, and he was the son of God’s promise and faith and God’s miracle for Abraham. > Chapter 4 > Verse 13. • There was one world government, from Rome. In the same way, a person could relate to the law one way before the promise of the gospel was made clear in Jesus Christ. As soon as a boy became a man, hehad full legal rights. Their nature worship was a kind of slavery to invisible forces in rebellion against the God who is above and beyond all. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. This week our daughter Beth graduates from high school, an event which marks the conclusion of a long and wearying process of education, both for our daughter and for us as parents. Verse 4 says ‘the right time came…’ • Never forget that God knows all things. The one born from the bondsmaid was born after the flesh, whereas the other one was born by God’s promise. When we think of an adoption, we … The contrast presented in the previous chapter between imprisonment under the law (3:23-25) and new relationships in Christ (3:26-29) is now clarified by an illustration drawn from a household where sons were treated as slaves until they received the … These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Once Isaac was born, then Hagar and Ishmael had to go. He explains his point from the story of Abraham, Hagar, and Sarah in Genesis 16 without a lot of detail from the story. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. The heavenly Jerusalem, the true church from above, represented by Sarah, is in a state of freedom, and is the mother of all believers, who are born of the Holy Spirit. His reference to Hagar and Ishmael were pictures, meant to illustrate his point. Verses 28-31 The history thus explained is applied. Hagar and Sarah were apt emblems of the two different dispensations of the covenant. • Wesley's Explanatory Notes Chapter 4 The apostle shows that, as an heir in nonage is under tutors and guardians, so were the Galatians while under the law; and, as the heir when he comes of age is no longer under guardians, so they, when the Gospel came, arrived at full maturity, and were redeemed from the law, 1-3. His Son, miraculously made of the substance of a woman - A virgin, without the concurrence of a man. We could argue all day long whose fault it was, but that isn’t the point. This passage from Galatians 4 reflects on God’s sending of his Son in the context of a larger theological argument about what it means to be children of God and co-heirs with Christ. For the desolate has many more children Now he would bring in another picture. Verses 21-27 The difference between believers who rested in Christ only, and those who trusted in the law, is explained by the histories of Isaac and Ishmael. THE DAYS OF CHILDHOOD (Galatians 4:1-7) 4:1-7 This is what I mean--so long as the heir is an infant there is no difference between him and a slave, although he is owner of everything, but he is under the control of stewards and overseers until the day which his father has fixed arrives. The legalists among the Galatians presented themselves as the “back to the Bible” bunch. Paul made this distinction to demonstrate how sacred … The law is under a Christian; it is for him to walk on, to be his guide, his rule, his pattern… Law is the road which guides us, not the rod which drives us, nor the spirit which actuates us.” (Spurgeon), b. a. chapter 4. galatians 4:1-31.the same subject continued: illustration of our subjection to the law only till christ came, from the subjection … Commentaries for Galatians Chapter 4 Moving from Slavery to Freedom. e. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman but of the free: For Paul, one of the great issues in this was freedom. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Read. Under the grace of God, the focus is on who Jesus is and what He has done. So language was not a problem. 4. The Paperback Bible. d. He of the freewoman through promise: Abraham’s second son was named Isaac. ii. iii. We seeand know only a little. Let us labour to be accepted of God. Made under the law— Both under the precept, and under the curse, of it. Verses 1-7 The apostle deals plainly with those who urged the law of Moses together with the gospel of Christ, and endeavoured to bring believers under its bondage. It is generally supposed that by the ‘fulness of time’ Paul means to indicate that Christ came at the moment when the world was especially prepared to receive Him, and no doubt that is a true thought. a. Open your Bibles to Genesis chapter 16.”. i. You once thought yourselves happy in receiving the gospel; have you now reason to think otherwise? It is free because it recognizes that Jesus paid the price, and we don’t have to pay it ourselves. Galatians 4 continues that idea, showing how Christ's arrival signaled the moment all people could receive the inheritance with Him and be adopted as God's children. This every man must remember in his place and calling. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Paul now … Galatians 4:3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: Galatians 4:4 But … Also, the advantages Christians enjoy under the gospel. … i.  He must desire to form Jesus in them, not himself in them. Although by nature children of wrath and disobedience, they become by grace children of love, and partake of the nature of the children of God; for he will have all his children resemble him. Do you not hear the law? As we walk in the glory, in the freedom, in the miraculous power of this New Covenant, we should expect to be mistreated by those who don’t. Finally, you can take the credit for your own salvation, because you earned it by keeping the list of rules.

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